According to Safe Kids, in 2013, more than 126,035 children across the country, including more than 67,000 children age 4 and under, were injured due to a fire or burn and treated in emergency rooms. In this under 4 age group, scald burns are the most common, according to The Burn Foundation.
Since children have thinner skin than adults, their skin burns deeper and quicker. According to The Burn Foundation, a child exposed to hot tap water at 140 degrees Fahrenheit for three seconds will sustain a third-degree burn. These injuries can require hospitalization and skin grafts.
Burns can be caused by electricity, foods, liquids, fluids and chemicals, radiation from the sun, fire or hot objects such as stoves and space heaters. Electrical burns always require medical evaluation.
Symptoms of burns include raw, red skin, fluid filled clear or yellow blisters, swelling and blackened areas at the burn site. Burns are categorized based on how the skin is damaged. Burns can be first, second or third degree in nature.
If a child in your care is burned, the American Red Cross advises to remove the source of the burn, to cool the burn with cold, running water at least until pain is relieved, to cover the burn loosely with sterile dressing, to call 911 for severe burns or life threatening conditions and to care for shock. Never apply ice, butter, grease, medication or ointment to a burn.