Children’s bodies are less effective at regulating body heat than adults. Since infants and young children are sensitive to the effects of extreme heat and must rely on other people to keep them cool and hydrated, they are at risk for heat related illness.
One of the first signs of heat related illness can be muscle cramps. These can lead to heat exhaustion or heatstroke.
The Centers for Disease Control report that sweating heavily, weakness, cold, pale or clammy skin, nausea or vomiting and fainting are signs of heat exhaustion. If a child is experiencing these symptoms, move the child to a cooler area, lie the child down, loosen clothing, apply cool, wet cloths to the body and offer sips of water. If vomiting occurs and continues, seek medical help immediately.