Heatstroke is the most serious of heat related injuries and is life threatening. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, heatstroke is one of the leading causes of death in children. Children suffering heatstroke may have a body temperature greater than 103 degrees Fahrenheit (104 degrees Fahrenheit / 40 degrees Celsius taken rectally), may have red, dry or moist skin, may have a rapid and strong pulse and may become unconscious.
If you notice these symptoms in a child, the Centers for Disease Control advises to call 911 and move the child to a cooler location. Place the child in cool water or use cool cloths to lower his body temperature. Do not offer fluids.
Prevent heat stroke by keeping children hydrated, by staying in air conditioning, by giving cool showers and baths and by dressing children in light-weight and loose fitting clothing. If you must be outdoors, limit the children’s outdoor activity during the hottest parts of the day, cut down on exercise, rest in shady areas often and use appropriate sun protection.
Nannies should NEVER leave children unattended in a vehicle. Children have died from heatstroke when the outdoor temperature was as low as 60 degrees Fahrenheit. The temperature inside of a vehicle can heat up to 125 degrees Fahrenheit in just a few minutes. Cracking a window does not help.