When a child is in need of urgent medical care, the situation can become stressful. Staying calm and taking appropriate action can make the difference in a child’s outcome.
If a child is bleeding, the American Red Cross advises to cover the wound and apply direct pressure until the bleeding stops. Next, the American Red Cross advises to cover the dressing with a bandage and to check for circulation beyond the injury. If the bleeding does not stop, the American Red Cross advises to apply additional dressings and bandages, to apply additional pressure, to take steps to minimize shock and and to call 9-1-1 if you have not done so already.
The National Institutes of Health advises not to remove a dressing if it is soaked with blood, but instead to add a new one on top. They also advise against applying a tourniquet to stop bleeding unless there is a life-threatening situation and you are experienced person as they can cause more harm than good.
While it can be tempting to peak and see if a wound has stopped bleeding, doing so may result in more bleeding, cautions the American Academy of Pediatrics. It can take five or ten minutes to stop active bleeding when applying direct pressure with a clean cloth or gauze.