Third-degree burns are the most serious type of burn and damage the outer layer and complete layer beneath. The skin may appear dry, leathery, brown, black, white or yellow. There may not be pain due to nerve damage.
Third-degree burns require immediate medical attention and the child needs to be evaluated in the emergency room. The treatment and time to heal will depend on the severity of the burn. Hospitalization and skin grafts may be required as new skin will not grow.
Third-degree burns can be caused by extended exposure to a hot object, a scalding liquid, flames or an electrical or chemical source.
If a child’s clothing is on fire, nannies should direct the child to “stop, drop and roll” to extinguish the flames. If this is not possible, cover the child with a blanket to smother the flames.