Universal precautions are measures you can take to prevent the spread of disease. According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, universal precautions is an approach to infection control that centers on treating all human blood and certain bodily fluids as if they were known to be infectious.
Universal precautions include wearing disposable gloves when there is a chance you may be handling bodily fluids, including blood, urine, saliva, feces or vomit.
Universal precautions also include washing hands thoroughly after handling contaminated fluids and items, cleaning, sanitizing and disinfecting contaminated surfaces, such as the diaper changing pad, sealing soiled absorbent tissues and towels in plastic bags and disposing of them in a covered waste container that is not accessible to children and sealing soiled clothing in plastic bags to be washed separately. Cuts and scratches should also be covered with a bandage until they are completely healed.
While nannies may be concerned about handling breast milk, according to the Center for Disease Control, breast milk is not categorized as a bodily fluid for which healthcare professionals should use special handling precautions. However, nannies may wish to wear gloves as a precaution when frequently handling breast milk as it has been implicated in transmitting HIV from mother to infant.